About the Author

Zach Gardner

Zach Gardner is Keyhole Software's Chief Architect with more than a decade of development experience. Zach has led numerous initiatives to modernize technologies and processes with real-world experience as an educator, architect, technical lead, developer, and mentor.He primarily lives in Microsoft Azure, leveraging modern architectural approaches to enable hybrid app modernization that meets business needs at an exceptional cadence. He also mentors new developers and provides architectural input to complement the existing talent of clients.

JavaScript Monorepos in 2024: Legit or Sus?

JavaScript Monorepos in 2024: Legit or Sus?

Zach Gardner Development Technologies, JavaScript, Programming, Tutorial Leave a Comment

I’ve been developing JavaScript through all of the major existential changes we’ve had. Browser wars? I remember those. Trying to make a complex application before Firebug? Oh yeah, tell me about it. Having to roll my own AJAX request by hand? Vividly remember.

Something that I experienced in all of my large JS projects before the last few years was an eventual point of no return, a metaphorical event horizon, beyond which the amount of time it took to build the code locally as well as on the CI/CD system was just simply too long.

All projects start fine, but as they grow and evolve and change over time, the amount of build time seems to creep up until it becomes inimical to deploying and testing changes in any reasonable time frame. Further, it becomes very difficult to onboard new developers as any change they make is not isolated, and must take into account all of the other code in the app. Granted, frameworks and libraries like React do help to some extent, but there are no clean-cut boundaries on the source code with different features, it always had to be by convention.

It was during a project a few years ago that I finally put my foot down and decided that something needed to be done. Researching how other architects were doing it, I came across JavaScript monorepos. I was familiar with the concept of monorepos from my research on how Google structures their code base (they have to repos, one for YouTube and one for everything else, no joke), but had never thought to apply that same principle to JavaScript. So I dove in head first, made a lot of mistakes, iterated, and finally got to a place where I feel comfortable sharing my lessons learned.

This blog post is not an extensive study, but it is enough to get you interested in a way to solve two common problems we all have (i.e. sluggish build times and inability to effectively onboard new devs due to lack of feature separation), and give you enough of a context around how I approached the problem to determine how you should proceed.

Temporal .NET SDK and Workflows for Enterprise Apps

Temporal.IO and Workflows in Enterprise Applications

Zach Gardner .NET, Architecture, Development Technologies, Microservices Leave a Comment

In every software application I’ve ever worked on, no matter the industry or maturity of the team or number of weeks in a sprint, there have been three questions that always come up: What is the best way to center a


? Should we use tabs or spaces? How should we implement complex workflows?

It was with that third question in mind that I stumbled upon a link in HackerNews a few weeks back on Temporal.io announcing that its .NET SDK is now in alpha.

If you aren’t in the know, Temporal is a library that lets you describe workflows as code. It’s available in multiple languages, but the Python flavor is the most popular.

So, I took a leap of faith, tried out the Temporal .NET SDK, and decided to recap my thoughts for you all as a blog. I’ll walk through, at a high level, what the Temporal approach is, the implications of workflows at the different zones of enterprise architecture, and where I see Temporal being useful in a large organization’s software strategy.

Top React Frameworks for Enterprise App Dev

Top React Frameworks for Enterprise App Dev

Zach Gardner Consulting, Development Technologies, Opinion, React Leave a Comment

There is such a rich, user-driven ecosystem around React that it can be difficult to discern which frameworks, if any, should be used to develop enterprise-grade applications. This blog post dives into the most popular ones and analyzes which are most suitable for that specific use case.

Before diving in, please remember: the decision of which one is the right one for a given organization or application is very context-specific, so diligent consideration is required to ensure an optimal outcome.

Part 4: Creating an FHIR API – Wrapping Things Up

Zach Gardner Cloud, Creating an FHIR API, Tutorial Leave a Comment

Welcome to the fourth and final installment of Creating an FHIR API with GCP. So far, we’ve covered a lot!

We discussed the differences between Google and Azure, landing on GCP as the best option for FHIR in Part 1. We began our implementation in Part 2, creating both the BigQuery resources and your FHIR repository resources. And finally, in Part 3, we tackled authentication methods and populating data in our FHIR repository.

This time, we’ll wrap everything up with a nice little bow. First, we’ll finish our implementation, and then, I’ll share the limitation I found – for the sake of transparency. Let’s dive in.

Part 3: Creating an FHIR API – Implementation Part B

Zach Gardner Cloud, Creating an FHIR API, Tutorial Leave a Comment

This is Part 3 of our series on creating an FHIR API using Google Cloud’s offering. In the last installment, we began implementing an FHIR using GCP. We covered creating both the BigQuery resources and your FHIR repository resources. if you missed Part 1 and Part 2, be sure you go back to read those – they’re critical to understanding!

This time, we’re continuing the implementation. I’ll explain the authentication methods, and we’ll also tackle populating data in our FHIR repository.